Healthy Shorelines for Healthy Lakes

Native Plants on Your Property — By Province

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Regionally native plants are those that have grown wild in your area for many centuries. They have co-evolved with, and are therefore adapted to, the local environment and wildlife.

Whether it be tall shade trees, shrubs or perennials, native plants are important to use in gardens. It is to the benefit of local ecosystems, and the plants and animals in them, to incorporate native plants in your outdoor space.

Search by Province and Location

Please note: A plant can occur in more than one category below due to their varied nature.



MANITOBA

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Acmispon americanus
– Prairie Trefoil

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Agropyron smithii
– Western Wheatgrass

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Allium stellatum
– Prairie Onion

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Amorpha canescens
– Leadplant

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone cylindrica
– Candle Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Pacific Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Antennaria microphylla
– Small-leaved Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Asclepias incarnata
– Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias speciosa
– Showy Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca
– Common Milkweed

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Astragalus neglectus
– Cooper’s Milk Vetch

Betula fontinalis
– Black Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Tall Grama Grass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Bluejoint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Carex bebbii
– Bebb’s Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex hystericina
– Bottlebrush Sedge

Carex muskingumensis
– Palm Sedge

Carex vulpinoidea
– Fox Sedge

Castilleja miniata
– Common Red Paintbrush

Celastrus scandens
– Common Bittersweet

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Clematis ligusticifolia
– Creek Clamatis

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Coreopsis palmata
– Prairie Coreopsis

Coreopsis tinctoria
– Calliopsis

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus americana
– American Filbert

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Crataegus chrysocarpa
– Fireberry Hawthorn

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Echinacea angustifolia
– Narrow Leaf Purple Coneflower

Echinacea pallida
– Pale Purple Coneflower

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Eleocharis palustris
– Common Spike Rush

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Elymus hystrix
– Bottlebrush Grass

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eupatorium rugosum
– White Snakeroot

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fraxinus nigra
– Black Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaillardia aristata
– Wild Gaillardia

Gentiana andrewsii
– Bottle Gentian

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicklnell’s Cranesbill

Geum rivale
– Water Avens

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria grandis
– American Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helenium autumnale
– Sneezeweed

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Helianthus laetiflorus
– Showy Sunflower

Helianthus maximiliani
– Maximillan Sunflower

Helianthus nuttallii
– Nuttall’s Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides
– False Sunflower

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Heuchera richardsonii
– Alum Root

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf bluets

Humulus lupulus
– Common Hop

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Ledum groenlandicum
– Labrador Tea

Lemna minor
– Common Duckweed

Liatris ligulistylis
– Meadow Blazingstar

Liatris punctata
– Dotted Blazingstar

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Lobelia siphilitica
– Giant blue Lobelia

Lonicera involucrata
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Menispermum canadense
– Canadian Moonseed

Menyanthes trifoliata
– Marsh Trefoil

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mimulus ringens
– Allegheny Monkeyflower

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Nymphaea odorata
– White Water Lily

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Panicum virgatum
– Panic Grass

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Penstemon gracilis
– Lilac Penstemon

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Petalostemum candidum
– White Prairie Clover

Petalostemum purpureum
– Purple Prairie Clover

Petasites frigidus
– Coltsfoot

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Physocarpus opulifolius
– Common Ninebark

Physostegia virginiana
– False Dragonhead

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Polygonum punctatum
– Water Smartweed

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus deltoides occidentalis
– Plains Cottonwood

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potamogeton pectinatus
– Sago Pondweed

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis
– Graceful Cinquefoil

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus americana
– American Plum

Prunus nigra
– Canada Plum

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Prunus pumila
– Sand Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Ratibida columnifera
– Long-headed Coneflower

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Prickly Currant

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa arkansana
– Prairie Rose

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dward Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia laciniata
– Cutleaf Coneflower

Sagittaria cuneata
– Northern Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia
– Broad-leaf Arrowhead

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix amygdaloides
– Peach Leaf Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lucida ssp. lucida
– Shining Willow

Salix lutea
– Yellow Willow

Salix scouleriana
– Fire Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Schizachyrium scoparium
– Little Bluestem

Scirpus acutus
– Hard-stem Bulrush

Scirpus microcarpus
– Panicled Bulrush

Scirpus validus
– Great American Bulrush

Senecio aureus
– Golden Ragwort

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene antirrhina
– Sleepy Catchfly

Sisyrinchium campestre
– Prairie Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Grey Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Solidago rigida
– Stiff Goldenrod

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Sorghastrum nutans
– Indian Grass

Spartina pectinata
– Prairie Cordgrass

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Stipa comata
– Needle-and-thread Grass

Stipa spartea
– Porcupine Grass

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
– Western Snowberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Fringed Blue Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Symphyotrichum sericeum
– Silky Aster

Teucrium canadense
– Canada Germander

Thalictrum dasycarpum
– Purple Meadowrue

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Tradescantia occidentalis
– Prairie Spiderwort

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star Flower

Typha angustifolia
– Narrow-leaved Cattail

Typha latifolia
– Broad-leaved Cattail

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Verbain

Vernonia fasciculata
– Prairie Ironweed

Veronicastrum virginicum
– Culver’s Root

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Vicia americana
– American Purple Vetch

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Zannichellia palustris
– Horned Pondweed

Zizania aquatica
– Wild Rice

Zizia aptera
– Meadow Zizia

Zizia aurea
– Golden Zizia

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Carex crinita
– Fringed Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex muskingumensis
– Palm Sedge

Caulophyllum thalictroides
– Blue Cohosh

Clintonia borealis
– Bluebead

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Woodfern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Hydrophyllum virginianum
– Virginia Waterleaf

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Menispermum canadense
– Canadian Moonseed

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Polygonatum biflorum
– Smooth Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Sambucus canadensis
– White Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima
– Tall Goldenrod

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Twistedstalk

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Acmispon americanus
– Deervetch

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Agropyron smithii
– Western Wheatgrass

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Allium stellatum
– Prairie Onion

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Amorpha canescens
– Leadplant

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone cylindrica
– Candle Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Antennaria microphylla
– Littleleaf Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Asclepias syriaca
– Common Milkweed

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Astragalus neglectus
– Cooper’s Milkvetch

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Tall Grama Grass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Clematis ligusticifolia
– Creek Clematis

Coreopsis palmata
– Prairie Coreopsis

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Echinacea angustifolia
– Prairie Purple Coneflower

Echinacea pallida
– Pale Purple Coneflower

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaillardia aristata
– Wild Gaillardia

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Helianthus laetiflorus
– Showy Sunflower

Helianthus maximiliani
– Maximillan Sunflower

Heuchera richardsonii
– Alum-root

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Liatris ligulistylis
– Meadow Blazingstar

Liatris punctata
– Dotted Blazingstar

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Panicum virgatum
– Panic Grass

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Penstemon gracilis
– Lilac Penstemon

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Petalostemum candidum
– White Prairie Clover

Petalostemum purpureum
– Purple Prairie Clover

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Polygonatum biflorum
– Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Ratibida columnifera
– Long-headed Coneflower

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa arkansana
– Prairie Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Salix scouleriana
– Fire Willow

Schizachyrium scoparium
– Little Bluestem

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene antirrhina
– Sleepy Catchfly

Sisyrinchium campestre
– Prairie Blue-eyed Grass

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago nemoralis
– Grey Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Solidago rigida
– Stiff Goldenrod

Sorghastrum nutans
– Indian Grass

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Stipa comata
– Needle-and-thread Grass

Stipa spartea
– Porcupine Grass

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Symphyotrichum sericeum
– Silky Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Tradescantia occidentalis
– Prairie Spiderwort

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Viola pubescens
– Downy Yellow Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Pink Onion

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Anemone virginiana
– Virginia Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Asclepias incarnata
– Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca
– Common Milkweed

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Astragalus neglectus
– Cooper’s Milk Vetch

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula fontinalis
– Black Birch

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Carex crinita
– Fringed Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex muskingumensis
– Palm Sedge

Caulophyllum thalictroides
– Blue Cohosh

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
– Broadleaf Enchanter’s Nightshade

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Clematis ligusticifolia
– Creek Clematis

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Coptis trifolia
– Threeleaf Goldthread

Coreopsis palmata
– Prairie Coreopsis

Coreopsis tinctoria –
Calliopsis

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus americana
– American Filbert

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Dodecatheon pulchellum
– Darkthroat Shootingstar

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Echinacea angustifolia
– Prairie Purple Coneflower

Echinacea pallida
– Pale Purple Coneflower

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Elymus hystrix
– Bottlebrush Grass

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eupatorium rugosum
– White Snakeroot

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Gentiana andrewsii
– Bottle Gentian

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helenium autumnale
– Sneezeweed

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Helianthus laetiflorus
– Showy Sunflower

Helianthus maximiliani
– Maximillian Sunflower

Helianthus nuttallii
– Nuttall’s Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides
– False Sunflower

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Heuchera richardsonii
– Alum Root

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Humulus lupulus
– Common Hop

Hydrophyllum virginianum
– Virginia Waterleaf

Impatiens capensis
– Spotted Jewelweed

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Liatris ligulistylis
– Meadow Blazingstar

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Lobelia siphilitica
– Giant Blue Lobelia

Lonicera involucrata
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum canadense
– Canada Mayflower

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Menispermum canadense
– Canadian Moonseed

Mentha arvensis
– Wild Mint

Mimulus ringens
– Allegheny Monkeyflower

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Onoclea sensibilis
– Sensitive Fern

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Panicum virgatum
– Panic Grass

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Petalostemum candidum
– White Prairie Clover

Petalostemum purpureum
– Purple Prairie Clover

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Physostegia virginiana
– False Dragonhead

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Polygonatum biflorum
– Smooth Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus deltoides occidentalis
– Plains Cottonwood

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis
– Graceful Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa blanda
– Smooth Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix amygdaloides
– Peach Leaf Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lutea
– Yellow Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguinaria canadensis
– Bloodroot

Schizachyrium scoparium
– Little Bluestem

Scirpus validus
– Great American Bulrush

Senecio aureus
– Golden Ragwort

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Sisyrinchium campestre
– Prairie Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima
– Tall Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago rigida
– Stiff Goldenrod

Sorbus decora
– Dogberry

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Twistedstalk

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
– Wolfberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Swamp Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Tradescantia occidentalis
– Prairie Spiderwort

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Vervain

Vernonia fasciculata
– Prairie Ironweed

Veronicastrum virginicum
– Culver’s Root

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Vicia americana
– American Purple Vetch

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Zizia aptera
– Meadow Zizia

Zizia aurea
– Golden Zizia

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Acmispon americanus
– Deervetch

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Allium stellatum
– Prairie Onion

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anemone cylindrica
– Candle Anemone

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Penstemon gracilis
– Lilac Penstemon

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Sorbus decora
– Dogberry

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Amorpha canescens
– Leadplant

Asclepias ovalifolia
– Low Milkweed

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Tall Grama Grass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush Honeysuckle

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Prairie Junegrass

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Panicum virgatum
– Panic Grass

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus pumila
– Sand Cherry

Prunus pumila var. besseyi
– Western Sand Cherry

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago hispida var. hispida
– Hairy Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum –
Giant Hyssop

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Tall Grama Grass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Gaillardia aristata
– Wild Gaillardia

Gaura coccinea
– Scarlet Beeblossom

Houstonia longifolia –
Long-leaf Bluets

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Panicum virgatum
– Panic Grass

Petalostemum purpureum
– Purple Prairie Clover

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Prunus pumila var. besseyi
– Western Sand Cherry

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Ratibida columnifera
– Long-headed Coneflower

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago rigida
– Stiff Goldenrod

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Stipa comata
– Needle-and-thread Grass

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Lonicera involucrata
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Populus deltoides occidentalis
– Plains Cottonwood

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Polygonatum biflorum
– Smooth Solomon’s Seal

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies lasiocarpa
– Alpine Fir

Acer macrophyllum
– Bigleaf Maple, Broadleaf Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Acmispon americanus
– Deervetch

Acorus calamus
– Calamus

Agastache foeniculum
– Anise, Giant Hyssop

Agropyron smithii
– Western Wheatgrass

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Alnus rubra
– Oregon Alder, Red Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. Crispa
– Green Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. Sinuate
– Sitka Alder

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Caltha biflora
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Castilleja miniata
– Common Red Paintbrush

Ceanothus velutinus
– Snow Brush

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis
– Alaska Cedar

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Clematis ligusticifolia
– Creek Clematis

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Delphinium menziesii
– Larkspur

Deschampsia caespitose
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dryas octopetala
– Eightpetal Mountain-avens

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Elaeagnus commutate
– Silverberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye-weed

Gaillardia aristata
– Blanketflower

Geum rivale
– Purple Avens

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Helianthus nuttallii
– Nuttall’s Sunflower

Iliamna rivularis
– Mountain Hollyhock

Juniperus scopulorum
– Rocky Mountain Juniper

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Penstemon fruticosus
– Bush Penstemon

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Physocarpus capitatus
– Pacific Ninebark

Potentilla anserine
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticose
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Rosa woodsia
– Woods’ Rose

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Vaccinium corymbosum
– Highbursh Blueberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Xerophyllum tenax
– Bear Grass

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Abies amabilis
– Amabilis Fir

Acer glabrum
– Douglas Maple

Aquilegia flavescens
– Yellow Columbine

Aruncus dioicus
– Bride’s Feathers, Goat’s Beard

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Caltha palustris
– Cowslip

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Dicentra formosa
– Pacific Bleeding Heart

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Fraxinus latifolia
– Oregon Ash

Hedysarum alpinum
– Alpine Sweetvetch

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum dilatatum
– Canadian Mayflower

Oplopanax horridus
– Devil’s Club

Picea engelmannii
– Columbian Spruce, Engelmann Spruce

Ribes aureum
– Flowering Currant

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Vaccinium parvifolium
– Red Huckleberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Abies lasiocarpa
– Alpine Fir

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Acmispon americanus
– Deervetch

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone multifidi
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
–Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry, Kinnikinnick

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milkvetch

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Sideoats Grama Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennyslvania Sedge

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Dodecatheon hendersonii
– Broad-leaved Shooting Star

Elaeagnus commutate
– Silverberry

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Eriophyllum lanatum
– Oregon Sunshine

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Helianthus laetiflorus
– Showy Sunflower

Holodiscus discolor
– Ocean Spray

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Lonicera caerulea
– Bearberry Honeysuckle

Mahonia nervosa
– Cascade Barberry

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Pachistima myrsinites
– Falsebox

Penstemon fruticosus
– Bush Penstemon

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Quercus garryana
– Garry Oak

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Ribes sanguineum
– Red Flowering Currant

Salix scouleriana
– Fire Willow

Schizachyrium scoparium
– Little Bluestem

Shepherdia Canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Solidago nemoralis
– Grey Goldenrod

Stipa comata
– Needle-and-Thread Grass

Symphoricarpos mollis
– Trailing Snowberry

Trientalis borealis
– American Star-flower

Vaccinium parvifolium
– Red Huckleberry

Xerophyllum tenax
– Bear Grass

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Acer glabrum
– Douglas Maple

Acorus calamus
– Calamus

Alnus rubra
– Oregon Alder

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Breadgrass

Anemone Canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone virginiana
– Tall Anemone

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aruncus dioicus
– Bride’s Feathers

Astragalus Canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Calla palustris
– Water-arum

Caltha biflora
– Marsh Marigold

Caltha palustris
– Cowslip

Camassia leichtlinii
– Great Camas

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Carex obnupta
– Slough Sedge

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus nuttallii
– Pacific Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Erigeron speciosus
– Aspen Fleabane

Erythronium oregonum
– White Fawn Lily

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye-weed

Fraxinus latifolia
– Oregon Ash

Fritillaria camschatcensis
– Black Lily

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Helianthus maximiliani
– Maximillan Sunflower

Helianthus nuttallii
– Nuttall’s Sunflower

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Iliamna rivularis
– Mountain Hollyhock

Impatiens capensis
– Orange Jewelweed

Larix laricina
– American Larch

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Lonicera ciliosa
– Orange Honeysuckle

Mahonia aquifolium
– Hollyleaved Barberry

Maianthemum dilatatum
– Canada Mayflower

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Menziesia ferruginea
– False Azalea

Oenanthe sarmentosa
– Pacific Water Parsley

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Pachistima myrsinites
– Falsebox

Phyllodoce empetriformis
– Pink Mountain Heather

Physocarpus capitatus
– Pacific Ninebark

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Ribes aureum
– Flowering Currant

Ribes sanguineum
– Red flowering Currant

Rubus parviflorus
– Thimbleberry

Rubus spectabilis
– Salmonberry

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
– Western Snowberry

Thalictrum occidentale
– Western Meadowrue

Vaccinium parvifolium
– Red Huckleberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Acmispon americanus
– Deervetch

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry, Kinnikinnick

Ceanothus velutinus
– Snow Brush

Corydalis sempervirens
– pale Corydalis

Crataegus douglasii
– Black Hawthorn

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Gilia aggregata
– Scarlet Gillia

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Lupinus sericeus
– Silky Lupine

Nothochelone nemorosa
– Turtlehead

Penstemon fruticosus
– Bush Penstemon

Philadelphus lewisii
– Mock Orange

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Beautiful Jacob’s Ladder

Rhamnus purshiana
– Cascara Buckthorn

Rhododendron macrophyllum
– Pacific Rhododendron

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Xerophyllum tenax
– Beargrass

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Asclepias ovalifolia
– Dwarf Milkweed

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Sideoats Grama Grass

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Fragaria chiloensis
– Beach Srawberry

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum
– Blue Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Mertensia maritima
– Mertensia martime

Pinus contorta var. contorta
– Beach Pine

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix hookeriana
– Coastal Willow

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Anise

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Sideoats Grams Grass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Erigeron speciosus
– Aspen Fleabane

Eriophyllum lanatum
– Oregon Sunshine

Gaillardia aristata
– Blanketflower

Gaura coccinea
– Scarlet Beeblossom

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Penstemon fruticosus
– Bush Penstemon

Picea glauca
– Canadian Spruce

Ratibida columnifera
– Long-headed Coneflower

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Sedum oreganum
– Oregon Stonecrop

Sedum spathulifolium
– Broad Leaved Stonecrop

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Stipa comata
– Needle-and-Thread Grass

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry, Kinnikinnick

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Lonicera caerulea
– Bearberry Honeysuckle

Lonicera ciliosa
– Orange Honeysuckle

Lonicera hispidula
– Hairy Honeysuckle

Lonicera involucrata
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Aquilegia flavescens
– Yellow Columbine

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus nuttallii
– Pacific Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Delphinium menziesii
– Larkspur

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Gaultheria shallon
– Salal

Iris missouriensis
– Rocky Mountain Iris

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum
– Blue Juniper

Mahonia aquifolium
– Hollyleaved Barberry

Mahonia nervosa
– Cascade Barberry

Myrica californica
– California Wax Myrtle

Oxalis oregana – Redwood Sorrel

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus contorta var. contorta
– Beach Pine

Pinus ponderosa
– Ponderosa Pine

Ribes aureum
– Flowering Currant

Ribes divaricatum
– Spreading Gooseberry

Ribes lobbii
– Fuschia Flowered Currant

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone, Meadow Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry, Kinnikinnick

Asarum caudatum
– British Columbia Wild Ginger

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Dryas drummondii
– Drummond’s Mountain Aven, Yellow Mountain Avens

Fragaria chiloensis
– Beach Strawberry, Coastal Strawberry

Fragaria vesca
– Wild Strawberry

Luetkea pectinata
– Partridgefoot

Mahonia nervosa
– Cascade Barberry

Maianthemum dilatatum
– Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-Valley

Oxalis oregano
– Redwood Sorrel

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Smilacina racemosa
– False Salomon’s Seal

Tiarella trifoliata
– Foamflower

Tolmiea menziesii
– Piggy Back Plant

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

ALBERTA

Native Plants That Grow In Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Agastache foeniculum
– Lavender Hyssop

Agropyron smithii
– Western Wheatgrass

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Alnus incana ssp. Rugose
– Speckled Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Western Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly everlasting

Anemone Canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone multifidi
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Aquilegia Formosa
– Red Columbine

Astragalus Canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Carex hystericina
– Porcupine Sedge

Castilleja miniata
– Common Red Paintbrush

Ceanothus velutinus
– Snow Brush

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Crataegus douglasii
– Black Hawthorn

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Elaeagnus commutate
– Wolf Willow

Erigeron annuus
– Eastern Daisy Fleabane

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Gaillardia aristata
– Wild Gaillardia

Geum rivale
– Qater Avens

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Liatris ligulistylis
– Meadow Blazingstar

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Physocarpus capitatus
– Pacific Ninebark

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus contorta var. latifolia
– Lodgepole Pine

Potentilla fruticose
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Ribes divaricatum
– Wild Gooseberry

Sambucus racemose
– Red Elderberry

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
– Wolfberry

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet


Native Plants That Grow In Full Shade

Acer glabrum
– Rocky Mountain Maple

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Aquilegia flavescens
– Yellow Columbine

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Cornus Canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Disporum hookeri
– Drops-of-Gold

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Lysimachia ciliate
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosum (Smilacina racemosa)
– False Solomon’s Seal

Picea engelmannii
– Engelmann Spruce

Ribes aureum
– Flowering Currant

Sambucus racemose
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Viola Canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola glabella
– Yellow Wood Violet


Native Plants That Grow in Dry Soils

Agastache foeniculum
– Lavender Hyssop

Agropyron smithii
– Western Wheatgrass

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Western Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Anemone multifidi
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Aquilegia Formosa
– Wild Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Astragalus Canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Ceanothus velutinus
– Wild Lilac

Clematis ligusticifolia
– White Clematis

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Dryas octopetala
– White Mountain Avens

Erigeron annuus
– Eastern Daisy Fleabane

Gaillardia aristata
– Wild Gaillardia

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Rhus aromatic
– Fragrant Sumac

Salix scouleriana
– Scouler’s Willow

Stipa comate
– Needle-and-Thread Grass

Symphyotrichum leave
– Smooth Aster

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-Flower


Native Plants That Grow In Moist Soils

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer glabrum
– Douglas Maple

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Agastache foeniculum
– Lavender Hyssop

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Alnus incana ssp. Rugose
– Speckled alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Western Serviceberry

Andropogon scoparius
– Little Blue Stem

Anemone Canadensis
– Meadow Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia Formosa
– Red Columbine

Astragalus Canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula papyrifera
– White birch

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Cornus Canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Iliamna rivularis
– Mountain Hollyhock

Impatiens capensis
– Spotted Jewelweed

Liatris ligulistylis
– Meadow Blazingstar

Lysimachia ciliate
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum canadense
– Wild Lily of the Valley

Menziesia ferruginea
– False Azalea

Mimulus guttatus
– Yellow Monkey-Flower

Tiarella trifoliate
– Foamflower

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Solidago Canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Shepherdia Canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Sambucus racemose
– Red Elderberry


Native Plants That Grow In Rocky Areas

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Western Serviceberry

Aquilegia Formosa
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Lupinus sericeus
– Silky Lupine

Penstemon gracilis
– Slender Penstemon

Pinus albicaulis
– White Bark Pine

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Showy Jacob’s Ladder

Polypodium virginianum – Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentate
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Rhus aromatic
– Fragrant Sumac

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Xerophyllum tenax
– Bear Grass


Native Plants That Grow In Sandy Areas

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Elymus Canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Juniperus horizontalis
– Spreading Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum
– Blue Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Potentilla tridentate
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Rhus aromatic
– Fragrant Sumac

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Yucca glauca
– Spanish Bayonet Yucca


Native Plants That Are Drought Tolerant

Agastache foeniculum
– Lavender Hyssop

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Elymus Canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Erigeron speciosus
– Aspen Fleabane

Gaillardia aristata
– Wild Gaillardia

Gaura coccinea
– Scarlet Gaura

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Petalostemum purpureum
– Purple Prairie Clover

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Ratibida columnifera
– Upright Prairie Coneflower

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Solidago Canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago rigida
– Stiff Goldenrod

Stipa comate
– Needle-and-Thread Grass


Native Plants That Are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Lonicera involucrate
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Populus deltoides occidentalis
– Plains Cottonwood

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry


Native Plants That Are Deer Resistant

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Aquilegia flavescens
– Yellow Columbine

Aquilegia Formosa
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Elaeagnus commutate
– Silverberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Iris missouriensis
– Western Blue Flag

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum
– Rocky Mountain Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Pinus contorta var. latifolia
– Lodgepole Pine

Ribes americanum
– Wild Black Currant

Ribes aureum
– Flowering Currant

Ribes divaricatum
– Wild Gooseberry

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Sambucus racemose
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Yucca glauca
– Spanish Bayonet Yucca


Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone Canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Cornus Canadensis
– Bunchberry

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Luetkea pectinate
– Partridgefoot

Potentilla tridentate
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Smilacina racemose
– False Solomon’s Seal

Tiarella trifoliate
– Foamflower

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

SASKATCHEWAN

Native Plants That Grow In Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Agropyron smithii
– Western Wheatgrass

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Western Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex vulpinoidea
– Fox Sedge

Castilleja miniata
– Common Red Paintbrush

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Echinacea pallida
– Pale Purple Coneflower

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Gaillardia aristata
– Brown-eyed Susan

Geum rivale
– Water Avens

Helianthus nuttallii
– Nuttall’s Sunflower

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Liatris punctate
– Dotted Blazingstar

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Potentilla fruticose
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Salix bebbiana
– Bebb Willow

Scirpus americanus
– American Bulrush

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
– Western Snowberry

Native Plants That Grow In Full Shade

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh marigold

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosum (Smilacina racemosa)
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Polygonatum biflorum
– Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Ribes aureum
– Flowering currant

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima
– Canada Goldenrod

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Native Plants That Grow in Dry Soils

Achillea millefolium
– Common yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Agropyron smithii
– Western Wheatgrass

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Western Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Clematis ligusticifolia
– Creek Clematis

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Rhus aromatic
– Fragrant Sumac

Salix scouleriana
– Scouler’s Willow

Stipa spartea
– Porcupine Grass

Trientalis borealis
– American Star-flower

Native Plants That Grow In Moist Soils

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Alnus incana ssp. Rugose
– Speckled Alder

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone multifidi
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis
– Canada Columbine

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Elaeagnus commutate
– Wolf Willow

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Helianthus annuus
– Common Sunflower

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Impatiens capensis
– Spotted Jewelweed

Lonicera involucrate
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Picea glauca
– White spruce

Potentilla fruticose
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Native Plants That Grow In Rocky Areas

Acmispon americanus
– Prairie Trefoil

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Juneberry

Anemone cylindrical
– Candle Anemone

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis
– Canada Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Geranium

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum
– Blue Juniper

Penstemon gracilis
– Slender Penstemon

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Mountain Cranberry

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Rhus aromatic
– Fragrant Sumac

Native Plants That Grow In Sandy Areas

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Sideoats Grama Grass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Juniperus horizontalis
– Spreading Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum
– Blue Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Panicum virgatum
– Panic Grass

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Potentilla tridentate
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Prunus pumila var. besseyi
– Western Sand Cherry

Rhus aromatic
– Fragrant Sumac

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago hispida var. hispida
– Hairy Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– White Aster

Native Plants That Are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Bouteloua curtipendula
– Tall Grama Grass

Bouteloua gracilis
– Blue Grama Grass

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Gaillardia aristata
– Wild Gaillardia

Gaura coccinea
– Scarlet Gaura

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Panicum virgatum
– Red Switch Grass

Petalostemum purpureum
– Purple Prairie Clover

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Prunus pumila var. besseyi
– Western Sand Cherry

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Ratibida columnifera
– Lond-headed Coneflower

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago rigida
– Stiff Goldenrod

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Stipa comate
– Needle-and-Thread Grass

Native Plants That Are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Lonicera involucrate
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Populus deltoides occidentalis
– Plains Cottonwood

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Shepherdia argentea
– Silver Buffalo Berry

Native Plants That Are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium cernuum
– Nodding Onion

Aquilegia canadensis
– Canada Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Elaeagnus commutate
– Wolf Willow

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Ribes americanum
– Wild Black Currant

Ribes aureum
– Flowering Currant

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Juniperus scopulorum
– Blue Juniper

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone Canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Cornus Canadensis
– Bunchberry

Polygonatum biflorum
– Solomon’s Seal

Potentilla tridentate
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Smilacina racemose
– False Solomon’s Seal

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Mountain Cranberry

ONTARIO

Native Plants That Grow In Sun

Acer saccharinum –Silver Maple

Allium cernuum – Nodding onion

Alnus rugosa – Speckled alder

Amelanchier arborea – Downy serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea – Pearly everlasting

Asclepias incarnata – Swamp milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed

Aster novae-angliaeb – New England aster

Betula papyrifera – White birch

Betula populifolia – Gray birch

Desmodium canadense – Showy tick-trefoil

Elymus Canadensis – Canada wild rye

Echinacea pallida – Pale Purple Coneflower

Eupatorium maculatum – Spotted Joe Pye weed

Juniperus communis – Common juniper

Juniperus horizontalis- creeping juniper

Juniperus virginiana – Eastern Red cedar

Larix laricina – Tamarack

Liatris aspera – Rough blazingstar

Medeola virginiana – Indian cucumber root

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Picea glauca – White spruce

Potentilla tridentate – Three-toothed cinquefoil

Prunus pennsylvanica – Common pincherry

Ratibida pinnata – Gray-headed coneflower

Rhus typhina – Staghorn sumac

Rosa acicularis – Prickly wild rose

Rosa palustris – Swamp rose

Sambucus canadensis – Common elder

Schizachyrium scoparium – Little Bluestem

Silphium perfoliatum – Cup Plant

Sisyrinchium montanum – Blue-eyed Grass

Sheperdia canadensis – Buffaloberry

Solidago rigida – Stiff goldenrod

Sporobolus heterolepis – Prairie dropseed

Viburnum trilobum – Highbush cranberry

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Cornus amomum – Silky dogwood


Native Plants That Grow In Sun to Partial Shade

Abies balsamea- Balsam fir

Acer rubrum –Red Maple

Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone

Aquilegia Canadensis – Canada columbine

Asclepias sullivantii – Prairie Milkweed

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry

Betula alleghaniensis – Yellow birch

Bouteloua curtipendula – Sideoats grama

Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell

Carya cordiformis – Bitternut hickory

Celastrus scandens – Climbing bittersweet

Cephalanthus occidentalis – Buttonbush

Claytonia virginica – Spring Beauty

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Cornus amomum – Silky dogwood

Lilium philadelphicum – Wood lily

Linnaea borealis – Twinflower

Lobelia siphilitica – Great blue lobelia

Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin

Mimulus ringens –Blue monkey flower

Myrica gale – Sweetgale

Parthenocissus quinquefolia – Virginia creeper

Penstemon digitalis – Smooth White Penstemon

Physostegia virginiana – Obedient plant

Pinus strobes – White pine

Populus balsamifera – Balsam poplar

Potentilla palustris – Marsh cinquefoil

Prunus virginiana – Choke cherry

Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood

Cornus stolonifera – Red osier dogwood

Corydalis sempervirens – Pale Corydalis

Euphorbia corollata – Flowering spurge

Eupatorium purpureum – Sweet Joe Pye weed

Fragaria virginiana – Common strawberry

Gaylussacia baccata – Black huckleberry

Gentiana andrewsii – Bottle gentian

Geranium maculatum – Wild geranium

Helianthus divaricatus – Woodland sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides – False sunflower

Hibiscus moscheutos – Swamp Rose Mallow

Hypericum ascyron – Great St Johnswort

Ilex verticillata- Winterberry

Iris versicolor – Blue flag iris

Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan

Rubus odoratus – Flowering raspberry

Sorbus americana – American Mountain Ash

Solidago caesia – Blue-stemmed Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis – Grey Goldenrod

Spiraes alba – Meadowseet

Thalictrum dioicum – Early Meadow-rue

Trientalis borealis – Starflower

Thuja occidentalis -Eastern white cedar

Vaccinium angustifolium (Low sweet blueberry)

Vaccinium myrtilloide (Common Blueberry)

Viburnum lentago – Nannyberry

Waldsteinia fragariodes – Barren Strawberry

Zizia aurea – Golden Alexanders


Native Plants That Grow In Partial Shade to Full Shade

Actaea pachypoda White Baneberry

Adiantum pedatum – Maidenhair fern

Allium tricoccum -Wild Leek, Wild Garlic

Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger

Caltha palustris – Marsh marigold

Carpinus caroliniana – Blue Beech

Cornus Canadensis – Bunchberry

Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood

Cornus stolonifera – Red osier dogwood

Dentaria diphylla – Toothwort

Erythronium americanum – Trout Lily

Geranium maculatum – Wild geranium

Impatiens capensis – Spotted Jewelweed

Ostrya virginiana – Ironwood

Polygonatum biflorum – Solomon’s seal

Smilacina racemosa – False Solomon’s Seal

Stylophorum diphyllum – Wood Poppy

Trillium erectum – Purple Trillium

Trillium grandiflorum – WhiteTrillium

Uvularia perfoliata – Bellwort

Native Plants That Grow In Full Shade

Acer saccharum- Sugar Maple

Arisaema triphillium – Jack-in-the-pulpit

Athyrium filix-femina – Lady fern

Caulophyllum thalictroides – Blue cohosh

Cornus stolonifera – Red osier dogwood

Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen

Maianthemum canadense – Canada Mayflower

Sanguinaria canadensis – Bloodroot

Tsuga canadensis – Eastern hemlock

Native Plants That Grow in Dry Soils

Acer rubrum –Red Maple

Anemone virginiana –Thimbleweed

Bouteloua curtipendula – Sideoats grama

Corydalis sempervirens – Pale Corydalis

Echinacea pallida – Pale Purple Coneflower

Euphorbia corollata – Flowering spurge

Helianthus divaricatus – Woodland sunflower

Juniperus communis – Common juniper

Juniperus horizontalis-Creeping juniper

Juniperus virginiana – Eastern Red cedar

Potentilla tridentate – Three-toothed cinquefoil

Schizachyrium scoparium – Little Bluestem

Sheperdia canadensis – Buffaloberry

Solidago nemoralis – Grey Goldenrod


Native Plants That Grow in Moist To Dry Soils

Allium cernuum – Nodding onion

Aquilegia Canadensis – Canada columbine

Betula populifolia – Gray birch

Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell

Celastrus scandens – Climbing bittersweet

Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Desmodium canadense – Showy tick trefoil

Elymus Canadensis – Canada wild rye

Fragaria virginiana – Common strawberry

Gaylussacia baccata – Black huckleberry

Liatris aspera – Rough blazingstar

Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin

Mitchella repens – Partridge-berry

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Ostrya virginiana – Ironwood

Penstemon digitalis – Smooth White Penstemon

Pinus strobes – White pine

Polygonatum biflorum – Solomon’s seal

Prunus virginiana – Choke cherry

Ratibida pinnata – Gray-headed coneflower

Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan

Rhus typhina – Staghorn sumac

Sisyrinchium montanum – Blue-eyed Grass

Smilacina racemosa – False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago caesia – Blue-stemmed Goldenrod

Solidago rigida – Stiff goldenrod

Sorbus americana – American Mountain Ash

Thuja occidentalis -Eastern white cedar


Native Plants That Grow In Dry to Well Drained Soils

Amelanchier arborea – Downy serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea – Pearly everlasting

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry

Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed

Betula populifolia – Gray birch

Rosa acicularis – Prickly wild rose

Native Plants That Grow In Moist Soils

Actaea pachypoda (White Baneberry)

Acer rubrum –Red Maple

Acer saccharinum –Silver Maple

Adiantum pedatum – Maidenhair fern

Allium tricoccum (Wild Leek, Wild Garlic)

Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone

Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger

Asclepias sullivantii – Prairie Milkweed

Athyrium filix-femina – Lady fern

Betula alleghaniensis – Yellow birch

Carpinus caroliniana – Blue Beech

Carya cordiformis – Bitternut hickory

Caulophyllum thalictroides – Blue cohosh

Claytonia virginica – Spring Beauty

Cornus amomum – Silky dogwood

Cornus Canadensis – Bunchberry

Cornus stolonifera – Red osier dogwood

Dentaria diphylla – Toothwort

Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen

Geranium maculatum – Wild geranium

Geranium robertianum – Herb Robert

Houstonia caerulea – Bluets

Ledum groenlandicum – Labrador tea

Lilium canadense – Canada lily

Linnaea borealis – Twinflower

Lilium philadelphicum – Wood lily

Maianthemum canadense – Canada mayflower

Medeola virginiana – Indian cucumber root

Physostegia virginiana – Obedient plant

Picea glauca – White spruce

Rubus odoratus – Flowering raspberry

Solidago flexicaulis – Zig-zag Goldenrod

Spiraes alba – Meadowseet

Trientalis borealis – Starflower

Tsuga canadensis – Eastern hemlock

Viburnum trilobum – Highbush cranberry

Native Plants That Grow in Moist To Wet Soils

Acer saccharum- Sugar Maple

Acer saccharinum –Silver Maple

Alnus rugosa – Speckled alder

Anemone virginiana –Thimbleweed

Arisaema triphillium – Jack-in-the-pulpit

Asclepias incarnata – Swamp milkweed

Aster novae-angliaeb – New England aster

Athyrium filix-femina – Lady fern

Caltha palustris – Marsh marigold

Cephalanthus occidentalis – Buttonbush

Eupatorium maculatum – Spotted Joe Pye weed

Eupatorium purpureum – Sweet Joe Pye weed

Gentiana andrewsii – Bottle gentian

Ratibida pinnata – Gray-headed coneflower

Sambucus canadensis – Common elder

Sanguinaria canadensis – Bloodroot

Silphium perfoliatum – Cup Plant

Heliopsis helianthoides – False sunflower

Hibiscus moscheutos – Swamp Rose Mallow

Hypericum ascyron – Great St Johnswort

Ilex verticillata- Winterberry

Impatiens capensis – Spotted Jewelweed

Iris versicolor – Blue flag iris

Kalmia angustifolia – Sheep laurel

Larix laricina – Tamarack

Lobelia cardinalis – Cardinal flower

Lobelia siphilitica – Great blue lobelia

Myrica gale – Sweetgale

Mimulus ringens –Blue monkey flower

Populus balsamifera – Balsam poplar

Stylophorum diphyllum – Wood Poppy

Viburnum lentago – Nannyberry

Waldsteinia fragariodes – Barren Strawberry

Zizia aurea – Golden Alexanders


Native Plants That Grow In Moist To Well Drained Soils

Abies balsamea – Balsam fir

Allium cernuum – Nodding onion

Betula papyrifera – White birch

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Dicentra cucullaria – Dutchman’s breeches

Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin

Ostrya virginiana – Ironwood

Penstemon digitalis – Foxglove beardtongue

Picea mariana – Black spruce

Pinus strobes – White pine

Solidago caesia – Blue-stemmed Goldenrod

Thalictrum dioicum – Early Meadow-rue

Trillium erectum – Purple Trillium

Uvularia perfoliata – Bellwort

Native Plants That Grow In Rocky Soils

Acer rubrum –Red Maple

Allium cernuum – Nodding onion

Aquilegia Canadensis – Canada columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Corydalis sempervirens – Pale Corydalis

Geranium robertianum – Herb Robert

Gaylussacia baccata – Black huckleberry

Hibiscus moscheutos – Swamp Rose Mallow

Pinus strobes – White pine

Potentilla tridentate – Three-toothed cinquefoil

Rhus typhina – Staghorn sumac

Rosa acicularis – Prickly wild rose

Solidago nemoralis – Grey Goldenrod

Native Plants That Grow In Sandy Soils

Acer rubrum –Red Maple

Allium cernuum – Nodding onion

Amelanchier arborea – Downy serviceberry

Anemone virginiana –Thimbleweed

Asclepias sullivantii – Prairie Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed

Betula papyrifera – White birch

Betula populifolia – Gray birch

Bouteloua curtipendula – Sideoats grama

Heliopsis helianthoides – False sunflower

Juniperus communis – Common juniper

Juniperus horizontalis- Creeping juniper

Liatris aspera – Rough blazingstar

Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin

Potentilla tridentate – Three-toothed cinquefoil

Rhus typhina – Staghorn sumac

Celastrus scandens – Climbing bittersweet

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Desmodium canadense – Showy tick trefoil

Echinacea pallida – Pale Purple Coneflower

Elymus Canadensis – Canada wild rye

Eupatorium purpureum – Sweet Joe Pye weed

Fragaria virginiana – Common strawberry

Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen

Gaylussacia baccata – Black huckleberry

Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan

Sanguinaria canadensis – Bloodroot

Schizachyrium scoparium – Little Bluestem

Sheperdia canadensis – Buffaloberry

Solidago nemoralis – Grey Goldenrod

Sporobolus heterolepis – Prairie dropseed

Viburnum lentago – Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum – Highbush cranberry

Native Plants That Are Drought Tolerant

Allium cernuum – Nodding onion

Anaphalis margaritacea -Pearly Everlasting

Aquilegia Canadensis – Canada columbine

Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed

Celastrus scandens –Climbing bittersweet

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Desmodium canadense – Showy tick trefoil

Elymus Canadensis – Canada wild rye

Euphorbia corollata – Flowering spurge

Geranium maculatum – Wild geranium

Heliopsis helianthoides – False sunflower

Juniperus communis – Common juniper

Juniperus horizontalis- Creeping juniper

Juniperus virginiana – Eastern Red cedar

Liatris aspera – Rough blazingstar

Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupin

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Picea glauca – White spruce

Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan

Schizachyrium scoparium – Little Bluestem

Silphium perfoliatum – Cup Plant

Sisyrinchium angustifolium – Blue-eyed grass

Solidago rigida – Stiff goldenrod

Sporobolus heterolepis – Prairie dropseed

Native Plants That Are Salt Tolerant

Amelanchier arborea – Downy serviceberry

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry

Juniperus communis – Common juniper

Juniperus virginiana – Red cedar

Prunus virginiana – Choke cherry

Rhus typhina – Staghorn sumac

Vaccinium angustifolium – Low sweet blueberry

Vaccinium myrtilloide – Common Blueberry

Native Plants That Are Deer Resistant

Allium cernuum – Nodding onion

Aquilegia Canadensis – Canada columbine

Asclepias tuberosa – Butterflyweed

Campanula rotundifolia – Harebell

Celastrus scandens – Climbing bittersweet

Cornus amomum – Silky dogwood

Cornus racemosa- Gray dogwood

Cornus stolonifera – Red osier dogwood

Coreopsis lanceolata – Lanceleaf coreopsis

Ilex verticillata- Winterberry

Iris versicolor – Blue flag iris

Geranium maculatum – Wild geranium

Juniperus communis – Common juniper

Juniperus virginiana – Eastern Red cedar

Kalmia angustifolia – Sheep laurel

Penstemon digitalis – Smooth White Penstemon

Picea glauca – White spruce

Picea mariana – Black spruce

Pinus strobes – White pine

Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan

Schizachyrium scoparium – Little Bluestem

Solidago rigida – Stiff goldenrod

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry

Asarum canadense – Wild Ginger

Claytonia virginica – Spring Beauty

Celastrus scandens – Climbing bittersweet

Cornus Canadensis – Bunchberry

Fragaria virginiana – Common strawberry

Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen

Geranium robertianum – Herb Robert

Mitchella repens – Partridge-berry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia – Virginia creeper

Polygonatum biflorum – Solomon’s seal

Potentilla tridentate – Three-toothed cinquefoil

Vaccinium angustifolium – Low Sweet Blueberry

Waldstienia fragarioides – Barren Strawberry


Native Plants for the Septic Bed

Anemone Canadensis – Canada Anemone

Aquilegia Canadensis – Canada columbine

Aster novae-angliaeb – New England aster

Athyrium filix-femina – Lady fern

Bouteloua curtipendula – Sideoats grama

Echinacea pallida – Pale Purple Coneflower

Elymus Canadensis – Canada wild rye

Fragaria virginiana – Common strawberry

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot

Penstemon digitalis – Smooth White Penstemon

Rudbeckia hirta – Black Eyed Susan

Ratibida pinnata – Gray-headed coneflower

Solidago nemoralis – Grey Goldenrod

Solidago rigida – Stiff goldenrod

Sporobolus heterolepis – Prairie dropseed

Waldstienia fragarioides – Barren Strawberry

NEW BRUNSWICK

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Acer saccharinum
– Silver Maple

Acer saccharum
– Sugar Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. Crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Amelanchier arborea
– Common Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis
– Allegheny Serviceberry

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
–White Birch

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Bluejoint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex bebbii
– Bebb’s Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex hystericina
– Bottlebrush Sedge

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Carex vulpinoidea
– Fox Sedge

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Cephalanthus occidentalis
– Buttonbrush

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus amomum
– Silky Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Crataegus chrysocarpa
– Fireberry Hawthorn

Crataegus flabellata
– Fanleaf Hawthorn

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Marginal Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Eleocharis palustris
– Common Spike Rush

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Elymus hystrix
– Bottlebrush Grass

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eupatorium rugosum
– White Snakeroot

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Fraxinus nigra
– Black Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geum rivale
– Water Avens

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria grandis
– American Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helianthus decapetalus
– Thin-leaved Sunflower

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Helianthus strumosus
– Pale-leaved Woodland Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides
– False Sunflower

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Bluets

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juglans cinerea
– Butternut

Juncus effuses
– Common Rush

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Ledum groenlandicum
– Labrador Tea

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Menyanthes trifoliata
– Bog Bean

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mimulus ringens
– Allegheny Monkeyflower

Myosotis laxa
– Smaller Forget-me-not

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Nymphaea odorata
– White Water Lily

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Petasites frigidus
– Coltsfoot

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Physocarpus opulifolius
– Common Ninebark

Physostegia virginiana
– False Dragonhead

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polygonum punctatum
– Dotted Smartweed

Pontederia cordata
– Pickerel Weed

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potamogeton pectinatus
– Sago Pondweed

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus nigra
– Canada Plum

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Prunus pumila
– Sand Cherry

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
– Common Mountain Mint

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Rosa palustris
– Marsh Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Common Blackberry

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus occidentalis
– Black Raspberry

Rubus odoratus
– Flowering Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia laciniata
– Cutleaf Coneflower

Sagittaria cuneate
– Northern Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia
– Common Arrowhead

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lucida ssp. Lucida
– Shining Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Scirpus acutus
– Hard-stem Bulrush

Scirpus microcarpus
– Panicled Bulrush

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene antirrhina
– Sleepy Catchfly

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Spartina pectinata –
Prairie Cordgrass

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Fringed Blue Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve –
Smooth Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Swamp Aster

Teucrium canadense
– Canada Germander

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum
– Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Vervain

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Zannichellia palustris
– Horned Pondweed

Zizania aquatica
– Wild rice

Zizia aurea
– Golden Alexanders

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Acer pensylvanicum
– Striped Maple

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Clintonia borealis
– Bluebead

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red-osier Dogwood

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Gaultheria procumbens
– Checkerberry

Hamamelis virginiana
– Common Witch Hazel

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweet Vetch

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Polygonatum pubescens
– Hairy Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima – Canada Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis
– Zigzag Goldenrod

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Rosy Twisted-stalk

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thelypteris noveboracensis
– New York Fern

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Tsuga Canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– Highbush Cranberry

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Anise

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Helianthus strumosus
– Pale-leaved Woodland Sunflower

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polygonatum pubescens
– Hairy Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
– Common Mountain Goat

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Common Blackberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene antirrhina
– Sleepy Catchfly

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago caesia
– Blue-stem Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis
– Zigzag Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Gray Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Viburnum cassinoides
– Northern Wild Raisin

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Viola pubescens
– Downy Yellow Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer pensylvanicum
– Striped Maple

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Acer saccharinum
– Silver Maple

Acer saccharum
– Sugar Maple

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Actaea pachypoda
– White Baneberry

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Agastache foeniculum
– Anise

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis
– Allegheny Serviceberry

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone canadensis –
Canada Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Anemone virginiana
– Tall Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Asclepias incarnata
– Swamp Milkweed

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Cephalanthus occidentalis
– Buttonbush

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Circaea lutetiana ssp. Canadensis
– Broadleaf Enchanter’s Nighshade

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Coptis trifolia
– Threeleaf Goldthread

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus amomum
– Silky Dogwood

Cornus canadensis – Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Dicentra cucullaria
– Dutchman’s Breeches

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Elymus hystrix
– Bottlebrush Grass

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Tall Cotton Grass

Erythronium americanum
– Yellow Trout-lily

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eupatorium rugosum
– White Snakeroot

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaultheria procumbens
– Checkerberry

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hamamelis virginiana
– Common Witch Hazel

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweet Vetch

Helianthus decapetalus
– Thin-leaved Sunflower

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Helianthus strumosus
– Pale-leaved Woodland Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides
– False Sunflower

Hepatica americana
– Round-leaved Hepatica

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Bluets

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Impatiens capensis
– Spotted Touch-me-not

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juglans cinerea
– Butternut

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Lilium canadense
– Canada Lily

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Lobelia cardinalis
– Cardinal Flower

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum canadense
– Canada Mayflower

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mentha arvensis
– Wild Mint

Mimulus ringens
– Blue Monkey Flower

Monarda didyma
– Bee Balm

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Onoclea sensibilis
– Sensitive Fern

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Photinia melanocarpa
– Black Chokecherry

Physostegia virginiana
– False Dragonhead

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Pinus strobus
– Eastern White Pine

Polygonatum pubescens
– Small Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
– Common Mountain Mint

Quercus macrocarpa
– Blue Oak

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Ribes americanum
– Wild Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus occidentalis
– Black Raspberry

Rubus odoratus
– Flowering Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguinaria canadensis
– Bloodroot

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed grass

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Trientalis borealis
– American Star-flower

Trillium erectum
– Purple Trillium

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Ulmus americana
– American Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum
– Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Mountain Cranberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Verbain

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Waldsteinia fragarioides
– Barren Strawberry

Zizia aurea
– Golden Alexanders

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Acer rubrum
– Rocky Maple

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Juneberry

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Juglans cinerea
– Butternut

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush Honeysuckle

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus pumila
– Sand Cherry

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago hispida var. hispida
– Hairy Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Anise

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Desmodium canadense
– Showy Tick-trefoil

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus resinosa
–Red Pine

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Fraxinus Americana
– White Ash

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Prunus virginiana – Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum –
Chives

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus amomum
– Silky Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Monarda didyma
– Bee Balm

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Gray Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum cassinoides
– Northern Wild Raisin

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Gaultheria procumbens
– Checkerberry

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Waldsteinia fragarioides – Appalachian Barren Strawberry

NEWFOUNDLAND

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Alnus incana ssp. rugose
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier laevis
– Allegheny Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Angelica atropurpurea
– Purplestem Angelica

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Asclepias speciosa
– Showy Milkweed

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Bluejoint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Carex bebbii
– Bebb’s Sedge

Carex hystericina
– Bottlebrush Sedge

Carex vulpinoidea
– Fox Sedge

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Crataegus chrysocarpa
– Fireberry Hawthorn

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Eleocharis palustris
– Common Spike Rush

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cottongrass

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Geranium

Geum rivale
– Water Avens

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria grandis
– American Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Azure Bluet

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juncus effusus
– Common Rush

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Ledum groenlandicum
– Labrador Tea

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Menyanthes trifoliata
– Bog Bean

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mimulus ringens
– Allegheny Monkeyflower

Myosotis laxa
– Smaller Forget-me-not

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Nymphaea odorata
– White Water Lily

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Petasites frigidus
– Arctic Sweet Coltsfoot

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potamogeton pectinatus
– Sago Pondweed

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Potentilla tridentata
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Prunus pumila
– Sand Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sagittaria cuneata
– Northern Arrowhead

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix lucida ssp. lucida
– Shining Willow

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Scirpus acutus
– Hard-stem Bulrush

Scirpus microcarpus
– Panicled Bulrush

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene acaulis
– Moss campion

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Strict Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago rugosa
– Rough Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Spartina pectinata
– Prairie Cordgrass

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Lindley’s Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Typha latifolia
– Common Cattail

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Zannichellia palustris
– Horned Pondweed

Zizania aquatica
– Wild Rice

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Clintonia borealis
– Bluebead

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush Honeysuckle

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Rosy Twisted-stalk

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thelypteris noveboracensis
– New York Fern

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium –
Common Yarrow

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star Flower

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Viola pubescens
– Downy Yellow Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Abies balsamea –
Balsam Fir

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Gray Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier laevis
– Smooth Serviceberry

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone virginiana
– Tall Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Coptis trifolia
– Threeleaf Goldthread

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Erythronium americanum
– Yellow Trout Lily

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweet Vetch

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parnsip

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Azure Bluet

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Impatiens capensis
– Orange Jewelweed

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Maianthemum canadense
– Canada Mayflower

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mentha arvensis
– Wild Mint

Mimulus ringens
– Blue Monkey Flower

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Myosotis laxa
– Smaller Forget-Me-Not

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Onoclea sensibilis
– Sensitive Fern

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Photinia melanocarpa
– Black Chokecherry

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Dogberry

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Rosy Twisted-stalk

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thalictrum pubescens
– Tall Meadow-rue

Thelypteris noveboracensis
– New York Fern

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Mountain Cranberry

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberry Bush

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Corydalis sempervirens

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– Eastern White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Dogberry

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Prairie Junegrass

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus pumila
– sand Cherry

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago hispida var. hispida
– Hairy Goldenrod

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Drought Tolerant

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Bearberry

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

Plants that Grow in Sun

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata
– Sitka Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Antennaria microphylla
– Small-leaved Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Betula fontinalis
– Black Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Bluejoint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex bebbii
– Bebb’s Sedge

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dodecatheon meadia
– Shootingstar

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryas octopetala
– White Mountain Avens

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Eleocharis palustris
– Common Spike Rush

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geum rivale
– Water Avens

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Glyceria grandis
– American Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helenium autumnale
– Sneezeweed

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Heuchera richardsonii
– Alum Root

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– June Grass

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Ledum groenlandicum
– Labrador Tea

Leptarrhena pyrolifolia
– Leatherleaf Saxifrage

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Luetkea pectinata
– Partridgefoot

Menyanthes trifoliata
– Marsh Trefoil

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mimulus guttatus
– Yellow Monkey-flower

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Petasites frigidus
– Coltsfoot

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Phyllodoce empetriformis
– Pink Mountain Heather

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Showy Jacob’s Ladder

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potamogeton pectinatus
– Sago Pondweed

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed Cinquefoil

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefol

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa woodsia
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Sagittaria cuneata
– Northern Arrowhead

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix barclayi
– Barclay Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
– Pacific Willow

Salix lutea
– Yellow Willow

Salix scouleriana
– Fire Willow

Scirpus acutus
– Hard-stem Bulrush

Scirpus microcarpus
– Panicled Bulrush

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene acaulis
– Moss Campion

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Spartina pectinata
– Prairie Cordgrass

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
– Western Snowberry

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Fringed Blue Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Swamp Aster

Thalictrum occidentale
– Western Meadowrue

Typha latifolia
– Broad-leaved Cattail

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Vicia americana
– American Purple Vetch

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Zannichellia palustris
– Horned Pondweed

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweet Vetch

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Antennaria microphylla
– Small-leaved Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Dryas octopetala
– White Mountain Avens

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Heuchera richardsonii
– Alum Root

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Salix scouleriana
–Fire Willow

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata
– Sitka Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Betula fontinalis
– Black Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dodecatheon meadia
– Shootingstar

Dodecatheon pulchellum
– Darkthroat Shootingstar

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Elaeagnus commutate
– Silverberry

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow-leaved Cotton Grass

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helenium autumnale
– Sneezeweed

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Heuchera richardsonii
– Alum Root

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Leptarrhena pyrolifolia
– Leatherleaf Saxifrage

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Luetkea pectinata
– Partridgefoot

Maianthemum canadense
– Canada Mayflower

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mentha arvensis
– Wild Mint

Mimulus guttatus
– Yellow Monkey-flower

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Phyllodoce empetriformis
– Pink Mountain Heather

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Showy Jacob’s Ladder

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed Cinquefoil

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix barclayi
– Barclay Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
– Pacific Willow

Salix lutea
– Yellow Willow

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
– Western Snowberry

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Thalictrum occidentale
– Western Meadowrue

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Vicia americana
– American Purple Vetch

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Showy Jacob’s Ladder

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Juniperus horizontalis
– Spreading Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Salix alaxensis
– Flatleaf Willow

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Elymus Canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Luetkea pectinata
– Partridgefoot

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

NOVA SCOTIA

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer rubrum –
Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Amelanchier arborea
– Common Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Bluejoint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cephalanthus occidentalis
– Buttonbush

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Cornus sericea
– Red-osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Crataegus flabellate
– Fanleaf Hawthorn

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Fraxinus nigra
– Black Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geum rivale
– Water Avens

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Hierochloe odorata –
Sweet Grass

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juncus effusus
– Common Rush

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Mimulus ringens
– Blue Monkey Flower

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Nymphaea odorata
– White Water Lily

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Physocarpus opulifolius
– Common Ninebark

Physostegia virginiana
– False Dragonhead

Pontederia cordata
– Pickerel Weed

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhexia virginica
– Common Meadow Beauty

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Rosa palustris
– Marsh Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Common Blackberry

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia laciniata
– Cutleaf Coneflower

Sambucus canadensis
– American Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago caesia
– Blue-stem Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Grey Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– Dogberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Fringed Blue Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum
– Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Vervain

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Zannichellia palustris
– Horned Pondweed

Zizia aurea
– Golden Alexanders

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Acer pensylvanicum
– Striped Maple

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Anemone quinquefolia
– Nightcaps

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Water-arum

Caltha palustris
– Cowslip

Carex crinita
– Fringed Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex plantaginea
– Plantain-leaved Sedge

Clethra alnifolia
– Coastal Sweetpepperbush

Clintonia borealis
– Bluebead

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Hamamelis virginiana
Common Witch Hazel

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Polygonatum pubescens
– Hairy Solomon’s Seal

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Canada Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternative-leaf Dogwood

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa –
Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– Eastern White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata –
Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Allegheny Blackberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Smilacina racemosa
– Falso Solomon’s Seal

Solidago caesia
– Blue-stem Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis
– Zig Zag Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Grey Goldenrod

Trientalis borealis
– American Star-flower

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Viola pubescens
– Downy Yellow Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer rubrum –
Red Maple

Acer saccharum
– Sugar Maple

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Actaea pachypoda
– Doll’s Eyes

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa –
Speckled Alder

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis
– Allegheny Serviceberry

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone quinquefolia
– wood Anemone

Anemone virginiana
– Tall Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Canada Columbine

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Calla palustris
– Water-arum

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cephalanthus occidentalis
– Buttonbush

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Coptis trifolia
– Threeleaf Goldthread

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dicentra cucullaria
– Dutchman’s Breeches

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobate
– Wild Cucumber

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Erythronium americanum
– Yellow Trout-lily

Eupatorium rugosum
– White Snakeroot

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hamamelis virginiana
– Common Witch Hazel

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Azure Bluet

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Impatiens capensis
– Spotted Touch-me-not

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Lilium canadense
– Canada Lily

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum canadense
– Canada Mayflower

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mimulus ringens
– Allegheny Monkeyflower

Myosotis laxa
– Smaller Forget-Me-not

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Onoclea sensibilis
– Sensitive Fern

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Photinia melanocarpa
– Black Chokecherry

Physostegia virginiana
– Obedient Plant

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Pinus strobus
– Eastern White Pine

Polygonatum pubescens
– Hairy Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodera

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus odoratus
– Flowering Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– American Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguinaria canadensis
– Bloodroot

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Dogberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thalictrum pubescens
– King of the Meadow

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Trientalis borealis
– American Star-flower

Trillium erectum
– Purple Trillium

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Cranberry

Vaccinium corymbosum
– Highbush Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Vervain

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Zizia aurea
– Golden Alexanders

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Crataegus succulent
a – Fleshy Hawthorn

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– Eastern White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Dogberry

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Panicum virgatum
– Red Switch Grass

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Sisyrinchium montanum –
Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago hispida var. hispida
Hairy Goldenrod

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Andropogon scoparius
– Little Blue Stem

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Panicum virgatum
– Red Switch Grass

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Clethra alnifolia
– Coastal Sweetpepperbush

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Red Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– Eastern White Pine

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum cassinoides
– Northern Wild Raisin

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Fragaria vesca
– Wild Strawberry

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Smilacina racemosa
– False Soloman’s Seal

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Cranberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Acer saccharum
– Sugar Maple

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis
– Smooth Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Angelica atropurpurea
– Angelica

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Bluejoint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Cornus alternifolia
– Pagoda Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Crataegus chrysocarpa
– Fireberry Hawthorn

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Eleocharis palustris
– Common Spike Rush

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Flebane

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Fraxinus nigra
– Black Ash

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geum rivale
– Purple Avens

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria grandis
– American Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Hedysarum alpinum
– Alpine Sweetvetch

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Azure Bluet

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juncus effuses
– Common Rush

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Ledum groenlandicum
– Labrador Tea

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Menyanthes trifoliata
– Bog Bean

Mimulus ringens
– Allegheny Monkeyflower

Myosotis laxa
– Bay Forget-me-not

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Nymphaea odorata
– White Water Lily

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Petasites frigidus
– Coltsfoot

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Physocarpus opulifolius
– Common Ninebark

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polygonum punctatum
– Water Smartweed

Pontederia cordata
– Pickerel Weed

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Allegheny Blackberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia laciniata
– Cutleaf Coneflower

Sagittaria latifolia
– Broad-leaf Arrowhead

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix lucida ssp. lucida
– Shining Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Scirpus acutus
– Hard-stem Bulrush

Scirpus microcarpus
– Panicled Bulrush

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Sisyrinchium montanum – Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Gray Goldenrod

Solidago rugosa
– Rough Goldenrod

Solidago squarrosa
– Stout Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Spartina pectinata
– Prairie Cordgrass

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Fringed Blue Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Teucrium canadense
– Canada Germander

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Typha angustifolia
– Narrow-leaved Cattail

Typha latifolia
– Common Cattail

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– Large Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Zannichellia palustris
– Horned Pondweed

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Acer pensylvanicum
– Striped Maple

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Carex crinita
– Fringed Sedge

Clintonia borealis
– Bluebead

Cornus alternifolia
– Pagoda Dogwood

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Hamamelis virginiana
– Common Witch Hazel

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Picea rubens
– Red Spruce

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis
– Zigzag Goldenrod

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Twistedstalk

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thelypteris noveboracensis
– New York Fern

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Cranberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus alternifolia
– Pagoda Dogwood

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentate
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Allegheny Blackberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago flexicaulis
– Zig Zag Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Gray Goldenrod

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Viola pubescens
– Downy Yellow Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer pensylvanicum
– Striped Maple

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Acer saccharum
– Sugar Maple

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis
– Allegheny Serviceberry

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Carex crinita
– Fringed Sedge

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Coptis trifolia
– Threeleaf Goldthread

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Erythronium americanum
– American Trout-lily

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hamamelis virginiana
– Common Witch Hazel

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Azure Bluet

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Impatiens capensis
– Spotted Touch-me-not

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Maianthemum canadense
– Canada Mayflower

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mentha arvensis
– Wild Mint

Mimulus ringens
– Blue Monkey Flower

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Myosotis laxa
– Smaller Forget-me-not

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Onoclea sensibilis
– Sensitive Fern

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Photinia melanocarpa
– Black Chokecherry

Picea glauca
– Canadian Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus virginiana
– Chokecherry

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– White Elder

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Strict Blue-eyed Grass

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima
– Tall Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Rosy Twisted-stalk

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thalictrum pubescens
– Tall Meadow Rue

Thelypteris noveboracensis
– New York Fern

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Solidago squarrosa
– Stout Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Pinus banksiana –
Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Potentilla tridentata
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Rosa carolina
– Pasture Rose

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Strict Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago hispida var. hispida
– Hairy Goldenrod

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Campanula rotundifolia
– Harebell

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum trilobum
– American Highbush Cranberry

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Potentilla tridentata
– Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Cranberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

QUEBEC

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer freemanii
– Freeman’s Maple

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Acer saccharinum
– Silver Maple

Acer saccharum
– Sugar Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa –
Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Juneberry

Amelanchier arborea
– Common Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis
– Smooth Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone cylindrica
– Candle Anemone

Anemone multifidi
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Angelica atropurpurea
– Purplestem Angelica

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Antennaria microphylla
– Littleleaf Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Asclepias exaltata
– Poke Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata
– Red Milkweed

Asclepias speciosa
– Showy Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca
– Common Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa
– Butterflyweed

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milkvetch

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Bluejoint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Carex bebbii
– Bebb’s Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex hystericina
– Bottlebrush Sedge

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Carex vulpinoidea
– Fox Sedge

Carya cordiformis
– Swamp Hickory

Carya ovata
– Upland Hickory

Ceanothus americanus
– New Jersey Tea

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Celtis occidentalis
– Hackberry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
– Buttonbush

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Coreopsis tinctoria
– Calliopsis

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus amomum
– Silky Dogwood

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus americana
– American Filbert

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Crataegus chrysocarpa
– Fireberry Hawthorn

Crataegus coccinea
– Scarlet Hawthorn

Crataegus flabellata
– Fanleaf Hawthorn

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Eleocharis palustris
– Common Spike Rush

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Elymus hystrix
– Bottlebrush Grass

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eupatorium rugosum
– White Snakeroot

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Fraxinus nigra
– Black Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Gentiana andrewsii
– Bottle Gentian

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geranium maculatum
– Spotted Geranium

Geum rivale
– Water Avens

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria grandis
– American Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helenium autumnale
– Sneezeweed

Helianthus decapetalus
– Thin-leaved Sunflower

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Helianthus nuttallii
– Nuttall’s Sunflower

Helianthus strumosus
– Pale-leaved Woodland Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides
– False Sunflower

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Azure Bluet

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Hypericum ascyron
– Great St. Johnswort

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Iris virginica
– Virginia Blue Flag

Juglans cinerea
– Butternut

Juncus effusus
– Common Rush

Juncus ensifolius
– Dagger-leaved Rush

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus virginiana
– Eastern Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Ledum groenlandicum
– Labrador Tea

Lemna minor
– Common Duckweed

Liatris spicata
– Dense Blazing Star

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Lonicera involucrata
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Menispermum canadense
– Canadian Moonseed

Menyanthes trifoliata
– Bog Bean

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mimulus ringens
– Blue Monkey Flower

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Monarda punctata
– Spotted Beebalm

Myosotis laxa
– Smaller Forget-me-not

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Myrica pensylvanica
– Northern Bayberry

Nymphaea odorata
– White Water Lily

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Sundrops

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Panicum virgatum
– Red Switch Grass

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Penstemon hirsutus
– Hairy Penstemon

Petasites frigidus
– Coltsfoot

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Physocarpus opulifolius
– Common Nine Bark

Physostegia virginiana
– False Dragonhead

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polygonum punctatum
– Water Smartweed

Pontederia cordata
– Pickerel Weed

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potamogeton pectinatus
– Sago Pondweed

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis
– Graceful Cinquefoil

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus nigra
– Canada Plum

Prunus pensylvanica
– Common Pincherry

Prunus pumila
– Sand Cherry

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
– Common Mountain Mint

Quercus alba
– White Oak

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rhus aromatica
– Fragrant Sumac

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa blanda
– Meadow Rose

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Rosa palustris
– Marsh Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Allegheny Blackberry

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus occidentalis
– Black Raspberry

Rubus odoratus
– Flowering Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia laciniata
– Cutleaf Coneflower

Sagittaria cuneata
– Northern Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia
– Broad-leaf Arrowhead

Salix alaxensis
– Flatleaf Willow

Salix amygdaloides
– Peach Leaf Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lucida ssp. lucida
– Shining Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– White Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Scirpus acutus
– Hard-stem Bulrush

Scirpus microcarpus
– Panicled Bulrush

Scirpus validus
– Great American Bulrush

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene acaulis
– Moss Campion

Silene antirrhina
– Sleepy Catchfly

Silphium perfoliatum
– Cup Plant

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago caesia
– Blue-stem Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Grey Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Solidago rugosa
– Rough Goldenrod

Solidago squarrosa
– Stout Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Dogberry

Sorghastrum nutans
– Indian Grass

Spartina pectinata
– Prairie Cordgrass

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Fringed Blue Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Teucrium canadense
– Canada Germander

Thalictrum dasycarpum
– Purple Meadowrue

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Trientalis borealis
– American Star-flower

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Typha angustifolia
– Narrow-leaved Cattail

Typha latifolia
– Broad-leaved Cattail

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum
– Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Mountain Cranberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Vervain

Verbena stricta
– Hoary Vervain

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Vicia americana
– American Purple Vetch

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Alpine Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Zannichellia palustris
– Horned Pondweed

Zizania aquatica
– Wild Rice

Zizia aptera
– Meadow Zizia

Zizia aurea
– Golden Zizia

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Acer pensylvanicum
– Striped Maple

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema dracontium
– Green Dragon

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Asclepias exaltata
– White Woodland Milkweed

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Carex crinita
– Fringed Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex plantaginea
– Plaintain-leaved Sedge

Caulophyllum thalictroides
– Blue Cohosh

Clintonia borealis
– Bluebead

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eurybia divaricata
– White Wood Aster

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Geranium maculatum
– Wild Geranium

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helianthus divaricatus
– Woodland Sunflower

Hydrophyllum virginianum
– Eastern Waterleaf

Hypericum ascyron
– Great St. Johnswort

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Menispermum canadense
– Canadian Moonseed

Mertensia virginica
– Virginia Bluebells

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Mitella diphylla
– Bishop’s Cap

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Phlox divaricata
– Blue Phlox

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Podophyllum peltatum
– Mayapple

Polemonium reptans
– Jacob’s Ladder

Polygonatum biflorum
– Solomon’s Seal

Polygonatum pubescens
– Hairy Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Sambucus canadensis
– Common Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima
– Canada Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis
– Zigzag Goldenrod

Staphylea trifolia
– Bladdernut

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Twistedstalk

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thelypteris noveboracensis
– New York Fern

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Uvularia grandiflora
– Big Merrybells

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone cylindrica
– Candle Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Antennaria microphylla
– Littleleaf Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Asclepias exaltata
– White Woodland Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca
– Common Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa
– Butterflyweed

Astragalus Canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Ceanothus americanus
– New Jersey Tea

Celastrus scandens –
American Bittersweet

Celtis occidentalis
– Hackberry

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Erigeron annuus
– Annual Fleabane

Eurybia divaricata
– White Wood Aster

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Geranium

Helianthus divaricatus
– Woodland Sunflower

Helianthus strumosus
– Pale-leaved Woodland Sunflower

Hepatica acutiloba
– Sharp-lobed Hepatica

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Liatris spicata
– Dense Blazing Star

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Monarda punctate
– Spotted Beabalm

Myrica pensylvanica
– Northern Bayberry

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera parviflora
– Northern Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Panicum virgatum
– Red Switch Grass

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Penstemon hirsutus
– Hairy Penstemon

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polygonatum biflorum
– Solomon’s Seal

Polygonatum pubescens
– Small Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
– Common Mountain Mint

Quercus alba
– White Oak

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Ranunculus rhomboideus
– Prairie Buttercup

Rhus aromatica
– Fragrant Sumac

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus allegheniensis
– Allegheny Blackberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene antirrhina
– Sleepy Catchfly

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago caesia
– Blue-stem Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis
– Zig Zag Goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis
– Grey Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Sorghastrum nutans
– Indian Grass

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Verbena stricta
– Hoary Vervain

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Viola pubescens
– Downy Yellow Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Abies balsamea
– Balsam Fir

Acer pensylvanicum
– Striped Maple

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Acer saccharinum
– Silver Maple

Acer saccharum
– Sugar Maple

Acorus calamus
– Sweet Flag

Actaea pachypoda
– White Banberry

Adiantum pedatum
– Northern Maidenhair Fern

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
– Speckled Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis
– Canadian Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis
– Allegheny Serviceberry

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone quinquefolia
– Wood Anemone

Anemone virginiana
– Tall Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arisaema atrorubens
– Woodland Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema dracontium
– Green Dragon

Arisaema stewardsonii
– Northern Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum
– Jack-in-the-pulpit

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Aronia arbutifolia
– Red Chokecherry

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Asclepias incarnata
– Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca
– Common Milkweed

Astragalus canadensis
– Canada Milk Vetch

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula lutea
– Yellow Birch

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Carex crinita
– Fringed Sedge

Carex granularis
– Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex plantaginea
– Plantain-leaved Sedge

Carpinus caroliniana
– Ironwood

Carya cordiformis
– Bitternut Hickory

Caulophyllum thalictroides
– Blue Cohosh

Ceanothus americanus
– New Jersey Tea

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Celtis occidentalis
– Hackberry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
– Buttonbush

Chelone glabra
– White Turtlehead

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis –
Broadleaf Enchanter’s Nightshade

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Claytonia virginica
– Springbeauty

Clematis virginiana
– Clematis

Coptis trifolia
– Threeleaf Goldthread

Coreopsis tinctoria
– Calliopsis

Coreopsis tripteris
– Tall Coreopsis

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus amomum
– Silky Dogwood

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Corylus americana
– American Filbert

Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazelnut

Cypripedium parviflorum
– Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Dicentra canadensis
– Squirrel Corn

Dicentra cucullaria
– Dutchman’s Breeches

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
– Flat-topped White Aster

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata
– Crested Wood Fern

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris intermedia
– Fancy Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Echinocystis lobata
– Wild Cucumber

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Elymus hystrix
– Bottlebrush Grass

Elymus virginicus
– Virginia Wild Rye

Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Narrow Leaved Cotton Grass

Erythronium americanum
– American Trout-lily

Eupatorium perfoliatum
– Boneset

Eupatorium rugosum
– White Snakeroot

Eurybia divaricata
– White Wood Aster

Eutrochium maculatum
– Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Fagus grandifolia
– Beech

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
– Red Ash

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Gaylussacia baccata
– Black Huckleberry

Gentiana andrewsii
– Bottle Gentian

Geranium maculatum
– Spotted Geranium

Glyceria canadensis
– Rattlesnake Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Mana Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Helenium autumnale
– Sneezeweed

Helianthus decapetalus
– Thin-leaved Sunflower

Helianthus giganteus
– Giant Sunflower

Helianthus nuttallii
– Nuttall’s Sunflower

Helianthus strumosus
– Pale-leaved Woodland Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides
– False Sunflower

Hepatica acutiloba
– Sharp-lobed Hepatica

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Houstonia caerulea
– Bluets

Hydrophyllum virginianum
– Eastern Waterleaf

Hypericum ascyron
– Great St. Johnswort

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Impatiens capensis
– Spotted Jewelweed

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Juglans cinerea
– Butternut

Juniperus virginiana
– Red Cedar

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Liatris spicata
– Dense Blazing Star

Lilium canadense
– Canada Lily

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Lobelia cardinalis
– Cardinal Flower

Lonicera involucrata
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Lysimachia ciliata
– Fringed Loosestrife

Maianthemum canadense
– Wild Lily Of The Valley

Maianthemum racemosum
– False Solomon’s Seal

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Menispermum canadense
– Canadian Moonseed

Mentha arvensis
– Wild Mint

Mertensia virginica
– Virginia Bluebells

Mimulus ringens
– Allegheny Monkeyflower

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Mitella diphylla
– Bishop’s Cap

Monarda didyma
– Beebalm

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Myosotis laxa
– Smaller Forget-me-not

Oenothera biennis
– Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera perennis
– Little Evening Primrose

Onoclea sensibilis
– Sensitive Fern

Osmunda cinnamomea
– Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda claytoniana
– Interrupted Fern

Osmunda regalis
– Royal Fern

Ostrya virginiana
– Ironwood

Panicum virgatum
– Red Switch Grass

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Phalaris arundinacea
– Red Canary Grass

Phlox divaricata
– Blue Phlox

Photinia melanocarpa
– Black Chokecherry

Physostegia virginiana
– False Dragonhead

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Podophyllum peltatum
– Mayapple

Polemonium reptans
– Jacob’s Ladder

Polygonatum biflorum
– Solomon’s Seal

Polygonatum pubescens
– Hairy Solomon’s Seal

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticose
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis
– Graceful Cinquefoil

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Prunus serotina
– Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
– Common Mountain Mint

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rhus aromatica
– Fragrant Sumac

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Prickly Currant

Rosa blanda
– Smooth Rose

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus occidentalis
– Black Raspberry

Rubus odoratus
– Flowering Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix amygdaloides
– Peach Leaf Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix discolor
– Pussy Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Sambucus canadensis
– White Elder

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguinaria canadensis
– Bloodroot

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Scirpus validus
– Great American Bulrush

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silphium perfoliatum
– Cup Plant

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Solidago altissima
– Tall Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Staphylea trifolia
– Bladdernut

Streptopus lanceolatus
– Twistedstalk

Symphoricarpos albus
– Snowberry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
– Calico Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
– New England Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum
– Purplestem Aster

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Thalictrum pubescens
– Tall Meadow-rue

Thelypteris noveboracensis
– New York Fern

Thuja occidentalis
– Eastern White Cedar

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Tilia americana
– American Basswood

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Trillium erectum
– Red Trillium

Trillium grandiflorum
– White Trillium

Tsuga canadensis
– Eastern Hemlock

Ulmus americana
– White Elm

Uvularia grandiflora
– Big Merrybells

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum
– Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium myrtilloides
– Canada Blueberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Mountain Cranberry

Verbena hastata
– Blue Vervain

Verbena stricta
– Hoary Vervain

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Vicia americana
– American Purple Vetch

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola blanda
– Sweet White Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola cucullata
– Marsh Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Vitis riparia
– Riverbank Grape

Waldsteinia fragarioides
– Barren Strawberry

Zizia aptera
– Meadow Zizia

Zizia aurea
– Golden Zizia

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anemone cylindrica –
Candle Anemone

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Ceanothus americanus
– New Jersey Tea

Celtis occidentalis
– Hackberry

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Crataegus succulenta
– Fleshy Hawthorn

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris filix-mas
– Male Fern

Dryopteris marginalis
– Leather Wood Fern

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Geranium

Hepatica americana
– Round-lobed Hepatica

Juglans cinerea
– Butternut

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Juniperus virginiana
– Eastern Juniper

Penstemon hirsutus
– Hairy Beardtongue

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Polypodium virginianum
– Polypody Fern

Polystichum acrostichoides
– Christmas Fern

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Rhododendron canadense
– Rhodora

Rhus aromatic
– Fragrant Sumac

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Solidago squarrosa
– Stout Goldenrod

Sorbus americana
– American Mountain Ash

Sorbus decora
– Showy Mountain Ash

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Taxus canadensis
– Canada Yew

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Mountain Cranberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Acer rubrum
– Red Maple

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Betula populifolia
– Gray Birch

Diervilla lonicera
– Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mitchella repens
– Partridgeberry

Panicum virgatum
– Red Switch Grass

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Red Pine

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunus pumila
– Sand Cherry

Rhus aromatic
a – Fragrant Sumac

Rosa carolina
– Carolina Rose

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago hispida var. hispida
– Hairy Goldenrod

Solidago ptarmicoides
– Prairie Goldenrod

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Agastache foeniculum
– Giant Hyssop

Andropogon gerardii
– Big Bluestem

Andropogon scoparius
– Broom Beardgrass

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Carex pensylvanica
– Pennsylvania Sedge

Celtis occidentalis
– Hackberry

Cirsium flodmanii
– Common Thistle

Desmodium canadense
– Canada Tick-trefoil

Elymus canadensis
– Canada Wild Rye

Geranium maculatum
– Spotted Geranium

Houstonia longifolia
– Long-leaf Bluets

Monarda fistulosa
– Bergamot

Oenothera fruticosa
– Narrowleaf Evening Primrose

Panicum virgatum
– Panic Grass

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Quercus macrocarpa
– Burr Oak

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Sporobolus heterolepis
– Prairie Dropseed

Tiarella cordifolia
– Allegheny Foamflower

Verbena stricta
– Hoary Vervain

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Carya ovata
– Shagbark Hickory

Fraxinus americana
– White Ash

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus virginiana
– Eastern Juniper

Lonicera involucrata
– Alpine Honeysuckle

Myrica pensylvanica
– Bayberry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
– Virginia Creeper

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Prunus virginiana
– Choke Cherry

Quercus rubra
– Red Oak

Rhus typhina
– Staghorn Sumac

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Aquilegia canadensis
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Celastrus scandens
– American Bittersweet

Cornus alternifolia
– Alternate-leaf Dogwood

Cornus amomum
– Silky Dogwood

Cornus racemosa
– Gray Dogwood

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Geranium maculatum
– Spotted Geranium

Ilex verticillata
– Winterberry

Iris versicolor
– Blue Flag Iris

Iris virginica
– Virginia Blue Flag

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus virginiana
– Eastern Juniper

Monarda didyma
– Bee Balm

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Picea rubens
– Eastern Spruce

Pinus banksiana
– Jack Pine

Pinus resinosa
– Norway Pine

Pinus strobus
– White Pine

Ribes americanum
– American Black Currant

Ribes lacustre
– Prickly Currant

Rudbeckia hirta
– Black-eyed Susan

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum alnifolium
– Hobblebush

Viburnum cassinoides
– Witherod

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viburnum lentago
– Nannyberry

Viburnum trilobum
– American Cranberrybush

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Anemone canadensis
– Canada Anemone

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Asarum canadense
– Wild Ginger

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Epigaea repens L.
– Mayflower

Gaultheria procumbens
– Wintergreen

Polygonatum biflorum
– Smooth Solomon’s Seal

Potentilla tridentata
– Shrubby Fivefingers

Prunella vulgaris
– Heal-all

Smilacina racemosa
– False Solomon’s Seal

Vaccinium angustifolium
– Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
– American Cranberry

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Waldsteinia fragarioides
– Appalachian Barren Strawberry

YUKON

Plants that Grow in Sun

Abies lasiocarpa
– Alpine Fir

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata
– Sitka Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Andromeda polifolia
– Bog Rosemary

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Antennaria microphylla
– Small-leaved Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Aruncus dioicus
– Goat’s Beard

Betula fontinalis
– Black Birch

Betula papyrifera
– White Birch

Calamagrostis canadensis
– Blue Joint Grass

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Carex bebbii
– Bebb’s Sedge

Castilleja unalaschcensis
– Unalaska Paintbrush

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryas octopetala
– White Mountain Avens

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Eleocharis palustris
– Common Spike Rush

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Tall Cotton Grass

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fritillaria camschatcensis
– Northern Rice Root

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Glyceria grandis
– American Manna Grass

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Ledum groenlandicum
– Labrador Tea

Leptarrhena pyrolifolia
– Leatherleaf Saxifrage

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Luetkea pectinata
– Partridgefoot

Menyanthes trifoliata
– Marsh Trefoil

Menziesia ferruginea
– False Azalea

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Mimulus guttatus
– Yellow Monkey-flower

Montia parvifolia
– Small-leaved Montia

Myrica gale
– Sweet Gale

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Petasites frigidus
– Coltsfoot

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Phyllodoce empetriformis
– Pink Mountain Heather

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Pinus contorta var. latifolia
– Rocky Mountain Lodgepole Pine

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Showy Jacob’s Ladder

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potamogeton pectinatus
– Sago Pondweed

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis
– Slender Cinquefoil

Potentilla palustris
– Marsh Cinquefoil

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Sagittaria cuneata
– Northern Arrowhead

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix barclayi
– Barclay Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lucida ssp. Lasiandra
– Pacific Willow

Salix scouleriana
– Fire Willow

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Scirpus acutus
– Hard-stem Bulrush

Scirpus microcarpus
– Panicled Bulrush

Scirpus validus
– Great American Bulrush

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Silene acaulis
– Moss Campion

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Sorbus sitchensis
– Pacific Mountain Ash

Stipa comata
– Needle-and-thread Grass

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
– Fringed Blue Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Thalictrum dasycarpum
– Purple Meadowrue

Thalictrum occidentale
– Western Meadowrue

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Typha latifolia
– Broad-leaved Cattail

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Zizia aptera
– Meadow Zizia

Plants that Grow in Full Shade

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Aruncus dioicus
– Goat’s Beard

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Oplopanax horridus
– Devil’s Club

Polypodium glycyrrhiza
– Licorice Fern

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Plants that Grow in Dry Soils

Abies lasiocarpa
– Alpine Fir

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anaphalis margaritacea
– Pearly Everlasting

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Anemone patens
– Prairie Crocus

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Antennaria microphylla
– Small-leaved Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Arenaria stricta
– Rock Sandwort

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Dryas octopetala
– White Mountain Avens

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Epilobium angustifolium
– Fireweed

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Linum perenne lewisii
– Blue Flax

Penstemon procerus
– Small-flowered Beardtongue

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Salix scouleriana
– Fire Willow

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Stipa comate
– Needle-and-thread Grass

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Plants that Grow in Moist Soils

Abies lasiocarpa
– Alpine Fir

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
– Green Alder

Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata
– Sitka Alder

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Anemone multifida
– Cut-leaved Anemone

Apocynum androsaemifolium
– Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Aruncus dioicus
– Goat’s Beard

Athyrium filix-femina
– Lady Fern

Betula fontinalis
– Black Birch

Betula papyrifera
– Paper Birch

Calla palustris
– Wild Calla

Caltha palustris
– Marsh Marigold

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Canadanthus modestus
– Giant Mountain Aster

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Deschampsia caespitosa
– Tufted Hairgrass

Dodecatheon pulchellum
– Darkthroat Shootingstar

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Dryopteris carthusiana
– Toothed Wood Fern

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Empetrum nigrum
– Crowberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Eriophorum angustifolium
– Tall Cotton Grass

Festuca altaica
– Rough Fescue

Fritillaria camschatcensis
– Northern Rice Root

Geum triflorum
– Prairie Smoke

Glyceria striata
– Fowl Manna Grass

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
– Oak Fern

Hedysarum alpinum
– Sweetvetch

Heracleum lanatum
– Cow Parsnip

Hierochloe odorata
– Sweet Grass

Larix laricina
– Tamarack

Leptarrhena pyrolifolia
– Leatherleaf Saxifrage

Linnaea borealis
– Twinflower

Luetkea pectinata
– Partridgefoot

Matteuccia struthiopteris
– Ostrich Fern

Mentha arvensis
– Wild Mint

Menziesia ferruginea
– False Azalea

Mimulus guttatus
– Yellow Monkey-flower

Montia parvifolia
– Small-leaved Montia

Oplopanax horridus
– Devil’s Club

Phalaris arundinacea
– Reed Canary Grass

Phyllodoce empetriformis
– Pink Mountain Heather

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus contorta var. latifolia
– Rocky Mountain Lodgepole Pine

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Showy Jacob’s Ladder

Populus balsamifera
– Balsam Poplar

Populus tremuloides
– Trembling Aspen

Potentilla anserina
– Silverweed

Potentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis
– Slender Cinquefoil

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Rosa woodsii
– Woods’ Rose

Rubus idaeus
– Red Raspberry

Rubus pubescens
– Dwarf Red Raspberry

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Salix barclayi
– Barclay Willow

Salix bebbiana
– Beaked Willow

Salix exigua
– Narrowleaf Willow

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
– Pacific Willow

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Sanguisorba canadensis
– Canadian Burnet

Scirpus validus
– Softstem Bulrush

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Shepherdia canadensis
– Buffaloberry

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Sorbus sitchensis
– Pacific Mountain Ash

Symphyotrichum ericoides
– Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum laeve
– Smooth Aster

Thalictrum occidentale
– Western Meadowrue

Trientalis borealis
– Northern Star-flower

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberrry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Viola adunca
– Early Blue Violet

Viola canadensis
– Canadian White Violet

Viola labradorica
– Labrador Violet

Zizia aptera
– Meadow Zizia

Plants that Grow in Rocky Areas

Amelanchier alnifolia
– Saskatoon Serviceberry

Antennaria canadensis
– Canadian Pussytoes

Aquilegia brevistyla
– Blue Columbine

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Corydalis sempervirens
– Pale Corydalis

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Geranium bicknellii
– Bicknell’s Cranesbill

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Showy Jacob’s Ladder

Rosa acicularis
– Prickly Rose

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

Plants that Grow in Sandy Areas

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Juniperus horizontalis
– Creeping Juniper

Koeleria cristata
– Junegrass

Mertensia maritima
– Oyster Leaf

Salix alaxensis
– Feltleaf Willow

Sisyrinchium montanum
– Mountain Blue-eyed Grass

Plants that are Drought Tolerant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Armeria maritima
– Common Thrift

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Sedum lanceolatum
– Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Solidago canadensis
– Canada Goldenrod

Stipa comata
– Needle-and-thread Grass

Plants that are Salt Tolerant

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Plants that are Deer Resistant

Achillea millefolium
– Common Yarrow

Allium schoenoprasum
– Chives

Aquilegia formosa
– Red Columbine

Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell

Cornus sericea
– Red Osier Dogwood

Elaeagnus commutata
– Silverberry

Equisetum hyemale
– Scouring Rush

Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper

Picea glauca
– White Spruce

Picea mariana
– Black Spruce

Pinus contorta var. latifolia
– Lodgepole Pine

Ribes lacustre
– Black Swamp Gooseberry

Sambucus racemosa
– Red Elderberry

Viburnum edule
– Squashberry

Native Plants for Ground Cover

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
– Bearberry

Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry

Dryas drummondii
– Yellow Mountain Avens

Luetkea pectinata
– Partridgefoot

Vaccinium uliginosum
– Bog Blueberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
– Lingonberry

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